When you have a painful period, it can be difficult to go about your daily activities. You may have to miss school or work, or spend the entire day in bed. There are some simple things you can do to help relieve your pain.
Painful periods are known as dysmenorrhea, and they can be mild, or they can be intense. They can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. The symptoms vary from person to person, but they usually include bloating and cramps. Some girls also experience nausea, constipation, or diarrhea.
Menstrual cramps are caused by prostaglandins, hormones that are produced by the uterus. These hormones cause contractions in the womb, and they can also cause your blood vessels to contract. If you have a lot of these prostaglandins, you will have more cramps.
Women who have endometriosis can also have more severe cramps. Endometriosis is a condition where the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) grows outside of the uterus. This can lead to fertility problems and can even scar the fallopian tubes. If you are experiencing severe cramps, it is best to see a physician to get a proper diagnosis.
Another reason why a woman may have a painful period is because of pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease is a sexually transmissible infection that typically occurs after chlamydia or gonorrhea, and it can also occur after a surgical procedure. It can lead to painful menstrual cramps, but it can also cause infections in other parts of the body. Those who have pelvic inflammatory disease have a greater risk of having an ectopic pregnancy.
A hot water bottle or heating pad can make your period more comfortable. Taking a hot bath can also help. You can also try yoga or meditation to reduce your pain. NSAIDs can also help relieve your symptoms.
When you have a painful period, you can try relaxation exercises. Doing this can help to relax the muscles in the uterus and may also help to relieve the pain. For some women, using a birth control pill can help with the pain.
If you have a gynecologist diagnose you with a problem, you may be able to take prescription or over-the-counter pain medicines. You may also need to undergo injections. In some cases, a laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation or intrauterine device can help.
Most women have a painful period at some point in their lives. Although it is normal, it is important to seek medical attention if you notice an increase in your pain. An increase in pain may be a sign of a serious condition, such as ovarian cysts.
Usually, the first day of your period is the worst. It may feel like you are experiencing intense spasms, or you may be so exhausted from your cramps that you have no energy left to do anything else. But no matter what your pain level is, you should not be embarrassed to seek medical help.