Discrimination is when a person is treated less favourably because of his or her personal characteristics or background. Examples of this kind of discrimination include employment, housing and access to services.
Employers are required to protect their employees from discrimination. There are two types of discrimination that employers must avoid. These are indirect and direct discrimination. Indirect discrimination happens when a workplace rule or policy puts people with a protected characteristic at a disadvantage. It includes racial and gender discrimination.
Direct discrimination is when an employer or other person treats a person less favourably than another in a similar situation. Some examples of this type of discrimination are sexual harassment and racial jokes. However, in some cases, discrimination can be done without the intention to disadvantage.
For example, a shop owner may not hire a young woman for a night shift. He or she may think that it is too dangerous for her. A petrol station might refuse to serve customers from a particular ethnic group, or a restaurant may not read the menu for a guest with a visual impairment.
Another example of direct discrimination is when a company refuses to hire a person because he or she has a certain height. An example of indirect discrimination is when an employer requires all employees to work on Saturdays. This could be an unreasonable rule that would disadvantaging some people.
If an employee is subject to discrimination, the employer is liable for the discriminatory act. The law prohibits such discrimination on the grounds that it is unlawful to treat others unfavourably because of their race, gender or ethnicity. Alternatively, the victim can take legal action against the party who acted unfavourably.
The law also prohibits discrimination against certain classes. Most people have the right not to be treated unfairly. Often, however, this right is violated in everyday life. This is why experts believe smaller, daily examples of discrimination are more common than major examples of discrimination.
Examples of such discrimination can include sexual harassment, which involves unwelcome sexual advances or comments. They can also include demands for sexual favors. Other kinds of harassment are targeted at specific groups, such as gay and lesbian persons.
Housing discrimination can occur in the form of eviction or refusal to rent an apartment. It can also be based on religion or race. As with any other type of discrimination, it can be both inadvertent and intentional.
Discrimination can occur in many different institutions, including the public sector and the military. Many countries have a large number of bigoted individuals. Even small, dominant groups can still hold considerable power over the majority. Attempts to reverse discrimination have also been met with controversy.
One of the most well-known examples of this type of discrimination is the laws that deny women the right to become a franchise. Others include laws that discriminate against people with disabilities, sexual orientation, and religious beliefs. Similarly, quotas have been used to benefit discrimination victims.