What Does ASA Citation Look Like 2?

As electronic resources have become an integral component of written work, ASA formatting has evolved accordingly. To facilitate this transition, several general guidelines have emerged for writing about these new sources.

Citations according to American Sociological Association style typically include an author’s surname and year of publication in parenthesis, while when using direct quotes they should include page numbers separated by a colon.

Title Page

College students submitting papers for sociology classes or journals belonging to the American Sociological Association must have a basic knowledge of ASA citation style when writing papers for sociology classes or for submission to ASA journals. Failing to cite sources correctly may compromise a paper and could even endanger postsecondary careers, yet there are ways around this potential pitfall; one such way is reading up on and studying guidelines related to ASA documentation style.

ASA documentation style requires that in-text citations contain both an author’s last name and year of publication; when including direct quotes, however, only one year should be listed followed by a colon and page number for clarity when dealing with multiple authors who may have written on the same topic. When sources republished or published at different times must also include both years in their ASA in-text citation.

As well as using in-text citations of American Psychological Association style (APA), the ASA bibliography format also requires that a Works Cited page is included at the end of your paper. This page should provide a comprehensive listing of sources used for your research organized alphabetically by author’s last name and indented five to seven spaces from where your paper begins.

ASA bibliography format recommends authors use decimal points instead of commas when listing page numbers.

Lastly, the ASA bibliography format requires that you maintain a consistent system for citing footnotes or endnotes throughout your manuscript. If you use both, be sure to utilize one system throughout – for instance footnotes should be numbered and listed at the bottom of their respective pages while endnotes can be mentioned directly within text before being listed at the end of their ‘References’ sections.


There are various formats and styles of writing papers. One style commonly used in psychology is the American Psychological Association (APA) style citation format. There are some rules and guidelines associated with this style which should be adhered to for optimal results; whether writing for journal submissions or class, a proper understanding of this format will help avoid errors being committed when using it.

Title Pages in an ASA paper should feature its title written in capital letters and no more than 50 characters long, double-spaced with 12 point font size and one inch margins; no running head should usually be included at the top of this page.

Shortly after the title page, an abstract should be provided that provides an overview of key points within the paper and should contain information such as authors and institutions associated with their authors as well as keywords relevant to that abstract. This abstract should range between 150-200 words.

After the abstract, an ASA paper should contain a section called Abstracts/Notes. Notes should be numbered consecutively throughout the text and begin with author’s surname before being followed by year of publication and colon. If note pertains to specific page number then please also include this detail.

References Page or Bibliography is the final page of an ASA paper and must include a comprehensive listing of sources cited throughout. An ASA bibliography lists alphabetically by author surname with each entry being indented 0.5 inch from the left margin; book and journal titles should be italicized while multiple works by one author should be organized chronologically.

Works Cited

When writing an American Sociological Association paper, certain formatting rules must be observed. These include creating a brief abstract, title page, running head and formatting in-text citations as per in-text citation rules as well as compiling an alphabetized Works Cited page listing all sources used for your work alphabetically alphabetized by last name. Cite This For Me offers a great solution by automating this laborious task for you – our state-of-the-art ASA Citation Machine makes this task quick and painless!

Contrary to other styles, ASA stipulates that your citations be listed alphabetically by last name on a Works Cited page at the end of your paper. Each entry should be indented five to seven spaces upon first line entry – though how many you include will depend on both your topic and research scope; general history essays might only require one or two sources while book reviews could require many. ASA style guides recommend only citing sources which are essential to your research rather than common knowledge such as ‘there are seven days in a week).

Citations in text should use the author-date system. Cite authors using last names followed by years, with parentheses to show where quoted text ends or paraphrased text starts; with electronic sources recommended footnoting within paper body with title and DOI listed within footnote.

ASA style shares many similarities with APA style, yet there are several key distinctions to be aware of. One significant difference is that ASA employs a Works Cited page instead of parenthetical citations; alphabetizing authors by last name ensures an orderly list, while journal titles and book titles should be italicized (for instance: Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. London, England: Cornerstone 1989).


Referencing sources used by the writer is an integral component of an American Studies Association paper, providing readers with an exhaustive list of all of the sources used to support arguments made by the writer. Depending on its topic and purpose (for instance an essay intended as an extensive literature review will need to include many more references than would normally be necessary), an ASA paper may require extensive list of references be provided by its author.

ASA references follow the author-date system adopted by The Chicago Manual of Style, meaning an in-text citation should appear where information first referenced, with a comprehensive list at the end of paper compiled as references. Furthermore, using ASA style requires authors to use an uniform system when it comes to referencing their work.

Citations must be clear and precise so as to enable readers to understand what is being cited. ASA authors therefore avoid abbreviations in their references whenever possible and instead write out full names of sources when possible – for instance: “Smith (1934) investigated this phenomenon” should be written out rather than abbreviated to “Smith (1934)”

Citations must also provide a direct quotation within the text that indicates what source was originally consulted, as well as provide reference back to that source and indicate where you found information from it. Any quote longer than 40 words must be enclosed with double quotation marks and include a parenthetical citation that includes writer surname, year of publication and page where information was found.

The American Sociological Association’s style guide contains detailed guidelines for writing, editing and formatting papers in sociology. Anyone wishing to gain more information on ASA writing style and citation style can find additional resources online; Purdue University’s OWL website offers an introduction to its format with sample citations and an interactive tutorial; at Purdue, an edition of this style guide known as HM569.A54 2014 can also be found located on Level 1 Service Desk of Library of Congress.