Is 99 1 a Fever?

Fever is defined as any increase in body temperature that exceeds 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit; it can have many causes.

Fever can be managed effectively using acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB). Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and prevent dehydration; get sufficient rest; and use a rectal thermometer in young children or infants.

Causes

As a rule of thumb, doctors consider fever to exist when its temperature surpasses 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit. A high fever could indicate serious infection and require medical care according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Viral infections are one of the primary causes of fevers, with colds, flu, and other viral infections all having potential to induce one. Fever may even be the only symptom for several days before other signs and symptoms surface – such as roseola which initially results in fever but later produces a rash.

Fever can also be caused by substances found inside or outside the body. Pyrogens produced by bacteria and certain viruses may play a part in inducing fever by directly stimulating white blood cells to release inflammatory chemicals that raise core temperature of body. Other sources may include drugs (particularly antibiotics such as beta-lactams or sulfa drugs), allergic reactions, some autoimmune diseases, or undetected cancer such as leukemia, lymphoma or kidney cancer).

Fever can also be caused by certain medications, including antidepressants and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The FDA advises people to read labels on both prescription and OTC medicines they’re taking in order to assess whether any may cause fever.

Stressful environments can also contribute to fever. A 2015 research paper states this phenomenon was more common among young women. When under severe emotional strain, individuals’ immune systems become more activated against invading pathogens causing low-grade fever.

Any time a fever arises in combination with other symptoms like urinary pain, frequent urination or foul-smelling urine, it should be evaluated by a healthcare provider as soon as possible. A urine sample will be analyzed to identify which bacteria is causing urinary tract infections so antibiotics can be prescribed accordingly. Fever of 104 degrees or above should be seen as a medical emergency and immediate attention taken; otherwise it could result in brain damage or even death if left untreated.

Symptoms

MedlinePlus states that fever can be used as an indicator that your body is fighting an infection or illness. Since bacteria that cause infections flourish in normal body temperature environments, fever can help your body rid itself of those pesky invaders by making their environment less welcoming to them. Furthermore, fever helps stimulate your immune system more effectively thereby making fighting infection much more efficient than before.

Low-grade fever can leave you feeling exhausted, sore, and disoriented, but when combined with stiff neck or confusion it should be considered medical emergency and treated at once in an ER department. Temperatures exceeding 104F require emergency attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

As soon as you develop a fever, it’s essential to hydrate properly with plenty of liquids – water, juice, tea, broth or Pedialyte can all provide essential rehydration solutions and should be consumed to restore hydration levels and bring down temperature quickly. Avoid alcohol as this will only serve to dehydrate you further and increase temperature further. Stay hydrated by drinking fluids like water, juice, tea or broth as well as Pedialyte solutions such as this. Try resting and taking it easy; avoid activities that might raise temperatures such as exercise or hot baths. Lukewarm bath or sponge bath may help bring down temperature but avoid using cold or icy waters as this may cause further increase it further increase it again causing feverish symptoms.

If your fever is due to a viral infection, it will usually improve with time. Antibiotics don’t treat viral illnesses directly, but over-the-counter medicines such as Tylenol (acetaminophen) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) may provide some relief from pain and discomfort of fever. Children under 18 should never be given aspirin as it can lead to Reye’s syndrome which can sometimes prove fatal.

If your fever is making you queasy, taking an over-the-counter nausea medicine may also be helpful. If the source is due to bacteria, however, antibiotics will likely be prescribed by a healthcare professional; most infections will clear within two weeks but in extreme cases an antiviral medication might be recommended to hasten recovery time. It is essential that you inform your healthcare provider of what has caused the fever so they can prescribe appropriate medication.

Diagnosis

Doctors typically base an infection diagnosis on symptoms and a physical exam of an individual. Doctors will inspect skin, eyes, ears, throats, noses and necks to look for fever-like signs such as enlarged lymph nodes and rashes; they’ll also inquire into past illnesses and travel histories since some infections such as malaria and Lyme disease spread via insect bites – so doctors may want to know where their patient has traveled to determine an accurate diagnosis.

Doctors use the type and duration of fever to help determine treatment. A high fever that lasts longer than 48 hours may require antibiotics; while lower fevers often respond well to taking acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug pain relievers as directed on their labels.

Rashes and other signs of infection, like pain with urination or foul-smelling discharge, can help physicians determine the appropriate course of treatment. In certain instances, blood tests or other diagnostics might be needed – for instance to ascertain whether someone has circulatory system (bacteremia) infection that might cause chills, weakness and confusion or endocarditis (an infection of the heart’s lining and valves).

Fever is an instinctive part of our bodies’ natural response to infection, but if its temperature increases too dramatically or doesn’t subside within 48 hours, people should seek medical help immediately. Fevers should especially be monitored in those with compromised immune systems or chronic health conditions like diabetes or arthritis. Also seek help immediately if other signs indicate illness such as disorientation or hallucinations which could indicate serious conditions like brain tumor or leukemia; additionally if fever comes with severe or unusual symptoms like shortness of breath and rapid heart rate then dial 911 immediately as this could indicate serious illness or an emergency situation.

Treatment

Fever typically doesn’t require medical intervention unless it becomes excessive or persistent, in which case more advanced measures should be taken to manage symptoms. Drink plenty of liquids – particularly water – while limiting alcohol and caffeine as these can contribute to dehydration. Take prescribed doses of Tylenol/ibuprofen (Advil/Motrin), Tylenol may not be appropriate due to risk of Reye Syndrome which can damage liver and brain tissue and infants under 3 months should not take any painkiller as aspirin may harm them further.

Fevers don’t usually cause discomfort or other symptoms, and are generally harmless unless their high temperature disrupts normal body temperature control. If a fever does result in other problems for example uncontrollable shaking in young children (febrile seizures), severe abdominal pain, or confusion seek medical advice immediately.

People living with medical conditions that compromise the immune system are particularly prone to dangerous fevers. Such conditions include autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus; blood disorders like polyarteritis nodosa and sickle cell disease; collagen vascular diseases like systemic sclerosis or scleroderma;

If the fever is due to infection, doctors will treat its source. For instance, in cases such as pneumonia or septicemia, antibiotics will likely be administered as treatment. In the case of thyroid storm, however, drugs that block hormone production, such as methimazole (Northyx, Tapazole) and iodine may help lower levels while propranolol may further suppress them are prescribed in order to stop symptoms.

An examination can often help in diagnosing fever. Physicians will usually ask about recent surgeries or hospitalizations as well as medications the person is currently taking and perform a comprehensive physical exam including skin check, eyes, ears, throat, nose and abdomen examination. They’ll also check for any rashes. Sometimes it helps if the pattern of fever comes back each other day to aid diagnosis – for instance malaria fever could be on its way out if this happens frequently enough.