How to Find an IP Address in Linux

Finding an IP address on Linux systems can be accomplished in various ways. One such way is using the ifconfig command, which displays all network interfaces on your system and their respective private or public IP addresses.

Find your system’s IP address using host. This command will display the gateway’s public IP address.


The Interface Configuration command (or “ifconfig”) is an essential utility on Unix servers. It offers valuable information about network interfaces, such as their current configuration and status; this data can help pinpoint issues or indicate whether or not your system is sending or receiving network traffic. Furthermore, using the ifconfig command will display all IP addresses currently assigned to it.

The Ifconfig tool can help you discover your computer’s private IP address, which is necessary to connect to the Internet. Furthermore, this command can also determine your network interface’s MAC address; depending on its type, an IP address could either be public or private – the Ifconfig command lets you view these private addresses for each network interface on Linux machines.

To locate an IP address on a Linux computer, open a terminal and use the ifconfig command. Choose which network interface you wish to obtain your IP address from; the ifconfig tool will then display its IP address along with other information relating to that interface; it works across both wired and wireless networks.

ifconfig provides users with root user permission to quickly identify IP addresses, subnet masks and default gateways on all network interfaces connected to their computers. The output from ifconfig displays this information in tabular form for easy reading. However, most modern distributions of Linux have replaced ifconfig with the more powerful ip command instead.

Use the ifconfig command to view all available networking information on your computer, as well as specifically view an interface using its -a option. Furthermore, using this tool you can set or modify network interface parameters – for instance by changing its MAC address or MTU limit.

Though ifconfig remains a widely-used command in some Linux distributions, many have since switched over to using ip. This more user-friendly tool offers numerous additional features and should provide optimal results when used properly. To get the most from it, familiarizing yourself with its options, syntax and terminologies will ensure maximum effectiveness of ip use.


The ipconfig command can be an invaluable aid when troubleshooting computer issues. It displays your PC’s IP address as well as other relevant details about network connections and offers many other functions, such as viewing DNS cache entries or renewing IP addresses – making this tool essential for IT professionals, helpdesk technicians, and general computer users alike.

To use Ipconfig, it’s first important that you have an internet connection. After this is established, open a command prompt by right-clicking on the Windows button in the lower left corner and selecting “Command Prompt”. In this black and white window type “ipconfig /all” before pressing enter; this will display all current network configuration settings such as IP addresses and link local subnets.

You can use the ipconfig command to display only settings pertaining to one interface at a time. For instance, using “ipconfig /all wlo1” will display all WiFi adapter settings; saving you valuable time if all you need to check for one interface at a time.

Ipconfig also supports IPv6, the newer form of IP addresses. While not as widely used as IPv4 addresses, they’re becoming more prevalent as the internet evolves. Since ipconfig can display both types of addresses simultaneously, familiarizing yourself with how each setting operates would be useful.

Linux users will appreciate that ipconfig provides access to an abundance of IP information about their computers, including its DHCP server address and link local subnet address. Furthermore, this command allows for changing of DHCP class ID (which determines what services are offered on your network) and clearing DNS cache, making ipconfig an invaluable tool in diagnosing DNS problems. Despite being more complex than its ifconfig counterpart, ipconfig remains easily found among various Linux distributions; so learn its ways and put its power to use!

ip route

Computers each have an Internet Protocol (IP) address that uniquely identifies it on a network, similar to postal addresses in that they ensure traffic reaches its proper machine. You need this piece of information in order to access the Internet on Linux-based systems; there are various methods available for finding out your computer’s IP address in Linux.

Linux allows you to quickly verify your private IP address using the ip command with “a”, which displays all interfaces available on the system – including wired Ethernet adapters and wireless WiFi adapters, if applicable. It will also display loopback addresses such as as well as IPv4 and IPv6 addresses for each interface.

For your public IP address, a different command may be needed: the iproute command manages routing tables within the kernel and can add, delete or modify routes as necessary; in addition, it can help determine if there’s an indirect path between certain devices and destinations.

Iproute2 provides various functions to aid network administration. These functions include powering up or powering down network interfaces, assigning IP addresses and routing tables as needed, managing ARP cache storage capacity and monitoring traffic and performance of networks.

Importantly, it should be remembered that iproute can be used to alter the default gateway of your computer, potentially leading to issues with online connectivity. To protect yourself against this happening, take precautionary steps before altering any part of your configuration file – making sure a copy exists just in case!

Iproute is part of the ifconfig suite of commands, and can be used to perform numerous network functions. For instance, it can find IP addresses of local hosts, show routing tables, configure tunnels and even filter out routes not needed by servers to increase efficiency and performance.


Iptables is a firewall for Linux kernel that uses policy chains to filter IP packets. This crucial function helps protect servers from unwanted traffic and can be installed both physically or virtually – although please keep in mind that iptables isn’t an absolute solution; attackers could still bypass it with false IP addresses so other means must also be employed in order to secure your server effectively.

Iptables is part of the Linux kernel and provides code to inspect, modify, forward, and redirect packets. Its rules are organized into tables which are chained together according to priority; each rule includes both predicate (which could match potential matches) and target which indicates how it should handle packets that reach an end of a built-in chain policy (by default it defaults to ACCEPT); setting this to DROP would effectively stop communication with servers.

Iptables offers expanded packet matching and targeting modules, accessible with the iptables-extensions(8) manpage, that enable additional subcommands such as tcp-source and tcp-dport. Furthermore, its command allows you to add or replace existing rules or chains, as well as create new chains – groups of rules which share a common goal – which share their functionality between rules that make up chains.

Every table includes built-in and user-defined chains. A chain consists of rules which match IP packets based on specific criteria; when they match, an action specified in its target is executed on them. Some examples of built-in chains include INPUT, OUTPUT, PREROUTING and POSTROUTING.

Iptables commands are designed to work together seamlessly in order to implement complex rules that can be used to control traffic on any host computer on any network, whether private or public, as well as creating a NAT bridge between local area networks and wide area networks such as the Internet.