In this lesson we will cover the conjugation of ser, an irregular Spanish verb. Additionally, we will look at its most frequent uses.
Ser can be used when discussing permanent states or characteristics of people or things, for instance “water is wet”.
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Ser is one of those irregular Spanish verbs that doesn’t follow a clear pattern like other regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs do, making conjugating ser more complicated than regular verbs such as estar or ir. But don’t fret: There are ways to remember and conjugate ser more quickly over time! With practice comes easier conjugation!
General speaking, ser is used to refer to permanent traits or characteristics; for example: “To be a country”; or, “The April 3rd event was significant”. You might also use it when discussing when events take place – for instance: “La conferencia tendra lugar a las siete de la noche”.
Becoming familiar with conjugating ser requires understanding that it can also be used in the present subjunctive tense, which describes hypothetical situations and can often be used to express desires or wishes – for instance “Yo quiero ser un nio” (“I wish to become a child”) and “El proyecto de clases se realizara a las siete” (“the class will start at seven”).
Finally, ser in the future subjunctive can also be used to describe possible scenarios that may come about in the future – for instance: “Yo espero que se sirva a los estudiantes” (I hope that the school serves its students well).
There are two groups of compound tenses for ser: those using haber or estar as helping verbs. Let’s examine each of these tenses separately:
Past tense of ser is “es (pronounced “says”)”). To conjugate in this tense, you will need to know the rules for conjugating regular Spanish verbs in preterite tense (preterite form). Fortunately, this should be relatively straightforward with most regular verbs; simply memorizing their new stems and endings when conjugating their preterite conjugations is usually sufficient. Regular verbs may prove more challenging; study a chart or practice conjugating other verbs with native speakers until you become fluent enough with other conjugations patterns!
Subjunctive mood of ser can also include several tense forms. These tense forms follow the same conjugation pattern of present indicative but are used for giving commands or expressing opinions, when discussing hypothetical situations they should also use the subjunctive mood. There are two conjugations of ser verb in past subjunctive: es y fueron. One conjugation uses normal conjugations while adding “i”s at the ends; alternatively you could also add an “xii” at each ending for ustedes/ellos situations or talking about hypothetical situations they should also use subjunctive.
These conjugations require some memorization, but are less complex than tener or estar conjugation due to irregular verbs’ similar forms. This will make learning them simpler as you add new verbs into your repertoire.
As a general guideline, use ser to describe permanent traits while estar for more temporary characteristics. Although initially this can be hard to remember, with practice you’ll soon get it down pat! As your Lingvist tutor and native Spanish speakers provide feedback and practice sessions you should soon find yourself conjugating all tenses of ser effortlessly and fluently; don’t be discouraged if conjugation doesn’t come naturally at first; with enough practice it will eventually become automatic!
Spanish grammar contains multiple tenses that can be difficult to navigate. One of the easiest tenses to conjugate is future tense, used for discussing things that will happen or are planned in the near future. Most simple auxiliary verbs like ser, ir and estar follow standard conjugations patterns when talking about future events; however there are a handful of irregular -er and -ir verbs like ser which do not. These irregular verbs, known as the “dirty dozen,” still share very similar conjugations when discussing future events compared with talking about past events!
To conjugate ser in the future, just add “ir” to its stem verb. This form is known as the ir perfecto conjugation and should be memorized just like any regular conjugation; alternatively this chart can also be used for irregular conjugations like leer, tener and querer etc.
As is often the case, conjugating ser in the imperfect subjunctive can be more complex than with other verbs. In this subjunctive form, its verb stem changes from -er to -iendo while remaining conjugated as is usual; its conjugation can be remembered by memorizing prepositions associated with it in English.
When speaking about an action in the future tense, choosing an auxiliary verb depends on its purpose. When talking about specific dates and times (such as March 18), use ir conjugations while when speaking of intents that might happen upon another event taking place ( like studying for an exam), future perfect subjunctive conjugations is more suitable; here you can include words like estudiar para el exam
As is true of most conjugations techniques, practice and repetition are key for becoming adept at conjugating most verbs without looking up a chart or memorizing. But remember it takes time and dedication to learn a new language; using the language regularly – even if imperfect conjugations occurs – will speed up this process over time.
Ser is an irregular Spanish verb that does not follow the standard conjugation patterns for verbs ending in ar, er and ir conjugations patterns, yet still forms imperfect tense in an identical manner as regular ones.
The Spanish imperfect tense is used to describe actions with no set end time or repeated, in addition to talking about past and future events and showing politeness. Because of this, it makes an excellent option when conversing with native Spanish speakers.
Contrary to present and future tenses, Spanish has only three forms of the imperfect: preterite, imperfecto and perfecto. While conjugating perfecto is relatively straightforward as it combines past perfect with present simple verb tenses; preterite can prove more complex when dealing with verbs such as ser and willemaar.
Conjugating ser in its imperfect tense follows a similar pattern to regular verbs but adds the suffix -iendo for its gerundive meaning it refers to ongoing action. You can see this work by viewing the chart below.
While learning the conjugations of this verb can be daunting, remember that this chart is just a temporary solution – once you begin practicing Spanish regularly you’ll become more adept and it won’t matter any longer!
Lingvist provides one-to-one lessons with certified native Spanish teachers who can guide your learning of conjugating Spanish verbs like ser in any tense and mood. Take advantage of a free trial lesson now! Maria, a Business Engineering student who enjoys traveling and connecting with various cultures. Passionate about languages and eager to become bilingual herself, Maria enjoys sharing her love of learning with others – she is thrilled to join Lingvist’s team as she shares more information through LinkedIn.