How Do I Start Writing a Thesis?

Most theses require following a specific format, and your chair or advisor should provide you with a guide that should help guide the writing of your thesis. When beginning work on it, be sure to read carefully through all documentation related to that format and follow it faithfully.

An effective thesis introduction paragraph draws readers’ attention. You can do so through strategies like providing an interesting anecdote or quotation or making a provocative claim.

Choosing a topic

Selecting an interesting research topic is key to exploring new avenues of inquiry, while keeping in mind any requirements your program or class imposes; for instance, professors might mandate that citations appear early in a chapter or include a works cited section at the end.

Brainstorm potential thesis topics with classmates or other students in your class. Also seek advice from your thesis supervisor as they’ve likely overseen many thesis projects in their career and can help narrow down your choices.

At its heart, your thesis research problem should be something that truly excites and interests you – something you are invested in exploring with an eye towards writing and research quality improvement. Passion for any subject will improve both writing and research quality significantly – something which is particularly vital when crafting a thesis which may take up much of your junior and senior years to write! Spend the time selecting one you enjoy!

Thesis statement

An effective thesis statement serves to identify and guide the main point of your paper or essay, while helping readers anticipate its content. A strong thesis statement should be concise, logical and clear while at the same time providing evidence of how you will support your argument; for example saying “Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe because communism was evil” would not make an effective thesis statement – instead consider instead: “Communism collapsed due to being economically and politically unsustainable”.

If you are writing about a text, your thesis statement should address a question raised in it; for example: “Ellementary school children consume too much sugar.” If your assignment doesn’t pose any specific queries or take an explicit position on something like insects as food sources because they are versatile and nutritious – you could write something like: “Insects should be cultivated as food sources because they provide valuable nutrition”. This statement gives more detail as to what aspects your essay will explore on this topic.


An introduction is your opportunity to make a first impression on readers, so make sure it grabs their attention by providing an effective preview of what lies ahead in the paper. Be sure to acknowledge any previous work on the subject matter, while including sufficient references that enable a reader to gain a deep knowledge of it all.

Your level of background information for this chapter depends on the topic at hand. Be sure to provide enough background for readers to fully grasp both your research area and arguments that you will present throughout your thesis.

Writing an introduction requires starting broad and narrowing down as you go along, to avoid becoming repetitive – which is a common mistake among young researchers and students alike. You could begin with generalities about why your research will benefit others before diving deeper into more specific details that won’t bog down your introduction too much and prolong its usefulness over time.

Literature review

Literature reviews are an integral component of any thesis. Here you must present existing research on your topic and assess its effect on it and related fields of study. Identify trends and patterns within literature reviews as well as any key debates and conflicts which have formed the field of study in order to demonstrate your knowledge and persuade readers of its importance for your own investigation.

Literature reviews often appear as separate chapters within theses; however, you could also include them within an introduction or materials/methods section. When doing this, only cover scholarship that pertains to your research question.

As part of writing a literature review, it can be helpful to organize the material based on how it will appear in your thesis. This will save time later when searching for specific paragraphs or sections; additionally, once completed it’s also wise to reread your work for accuracy and revisions.


Once you’ve created a temporary or “working” thesis statement, use it to narrow your research topic and establish its purpose for writing your paper. Furthermore, this statement reveals your plan of attack against any claims that arise within it – helping keep readers focused and engaged throughout.

Beginning the writing of your thesis involves reading extensively to gain an understanding of existing work in your field. While this can be daunting, finding high quality resources such as journal articles or textbook chapters to explore other researchers’ work may prove crucial to its success.

Break your writing process down into multiple stages so that you can address specific aspects of the project at different times, which is particularly helpful for perfectionists who can feel overwhelmed by its size. Most theses are organized into chapters devoted to introduction/literature reviews, materials/methods/experimental techniques/results and discussions (which sometimes combine). Making folders on your computer for each of these chapters may help keep materials organised.


Many students struggle to write the results section of their thesis. This part is essential in communicating your research findings to readers, but its main challenge lies in organizing and providing the data with tables & figures in an organized and understandable manner; these must also highlight any significant trends or similarities; finally, it must not repeat information between tables and figures.

Writing a thesis requires creating a compelling and persuasive argument. A weak argument can easily be disproved by its opponents; by contrast, strong ones can withstand counterpoint with evidence supporting either side. To construct one yourself, first find an issue you care deeply about before brainstorming ideas using various methods (freewriting, listing words/phrases that relate to it or asking different perspectives about it) until your strongest ideas emerge.


Writing a thesis requires willpower and determination from every student; however, the task can be made more manageable by setting manageable goals that can help break up the writing process into manageable chunks. Break your goals up into specific blocks of time in order to maximize productivity; doing this will also prevent procrastination or taking naps from distracting you from writing your thesis. Additionally, try starting one section at a time; for instance if the methods section gives you trouble, start there first – this way your ideas will get down onto paper without worrying whether they’re perfect!

An effective thesis statement gives your essay direction and structure. It should outline the central question your research seeks to answer, while remaining concise by avoiding vague terms and sentences like “for political, economic, social and cultural reasons” which does not provide anything new about the topic under investigation.


Conclusions to thesis papers are key as they help readers grasp the main point. A good conclusion should not simply rehash your thesis statement but should instead provide a succinct summarization of key points from your paper’s body as well as any calls-to-action or recommendations you might offer to readers.

Conclusions should remain focused on your field of research, detailing its contribution to existing scholarly debates and providing any future directions that may come out of it. They should also explain any impactful outcomes from it that could emerge within academia at large.

Avoid beginning your conclusion with phrases such as “in closing,” “in summary” and “in conclusion.” These can be unnecessary and confusing for your reader. Instead, use this space to demonstrate why your work is significant and any new insights gained through its investigation; this will give them a sense of closure and satisfaction from reading your work. You could also consider adding an individual touch by connecting their lives and the work.