Wound care for dogs can range from minor scratches to severe lacerations, so proper wound management is vital to their healing and avoiding infection.
Begin by flushing the wound with an antiseptic cleaner designed for pets. This will remove any debris, thorns, or bacteria lodged within it.
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1. Clean the Wound
At once after your dog is injured, it is essential that the wound be properly cleaned in order to ensure no dirt, debris or bacteria enters it and causes infection and additional pain. Use a cleanser that is suitable for dogs without any ingredients that could irritate it; one popular choice among pet stores is salt or saline solutions – you can even create your own using one cup of boiled water with 1/2 teaspoon of salt and allow it to cool before applying it – we recommend rinsing twice daily with water and patting dry with soft cloths!
As well as checking for foreign material such as thorns or splinters in the wound, make sure that no foreign materials such as thorns, splinters, glass fragments or any other foreign substance lodge in it with tweezers or magnifying glasses. Once clean it’s important to apply pressure directly onto it so as to clot and stop any profuse bleeding that might be occurring – if bleeding persists and appears pulsing urgent medical assistance should be sought immediately.
Once a wound has been thoroughly cleansed and bandaged it’s important to cover it to protect from further irritation from your pet licking or chewing at it and potentially irritating newly cleaned areas. Apply antibacterial ointment directly onto the wound before covering with sterile gauze and an elastic bandage; self-adhesive bandages work particularly well here! If your pup attempts to pull at the bandage by trying to lick at it you could try placing an electronic collar around their neck in order to discourage this behavior – this may help.
Checking and applying ointment or fresh bandages as needed will speed up the healing process, providing your dog’s skin with what it needs to create new tissue and heal itself faster. Be mindful of over cleaning wounds as this could cause infections.
2. Apply Antibiotics
No matter the cause, dogs can develop wounds on occasion from running into something or over-exuberant play with friends. Luckily, most wounds tend to be minor and will heal relatively quickly with proper wound care practices in place.
Prior to treating any wound on your dog, make sure the area is free from bacteria or debris that could impede its healing process. Otherwise, their presence could disrupt healing efforts by forcing his body to close over it instead of over the actual source of pain – thus stymying its healing process and slowing recovery time.
Once the wound is cleaned, use an antibiotic suitable for pets – ideally one with natural or organic components so as to not interfere with his body’s natural ability to heal itself. Antiseptic sprays or wipes designed specifically for animals will also help disinfect and kill any bacteria present on his wound.
Once you have applied an antibiotic ointment to a wound, it’s important to monitor its progress for several days afterward. You need to ensure it doesn’t worsen, reapplying antibiotic ointment as necessary, and seek advice from your vet immediately if any infection sets in.
As your wound heals, gradually increase the dosage until its effects have taken full effect. Be careful not to overdo it as overexposure could trigger allergic reactions in some dogs. Some good options for applying an ointment include Neosporin, Panalog or combinations like Bacitracin Neomycin Polymyxin B (BNPB). You could also try natural herbal antibacterials like goldenseal or yarrow tincture on cotton balls for application three times daily to the wound site – you might need an Elizabethan collar to prevent him from getting close and making things worse!
3. Keep the Wound Clean
While dogs enjoy running around and chasing sticks or balls, digging holes, and generally being active they may sometimes come home with minor wounds that don’t look serious at first glance, but must still be cleaned and treated to prevent infection and expedite healing processes. Some wounds will need immediate vet care while many can be managed at home to save both time and money on costly vet bills.
As with puncture or scrape wounds, it is crucial that any punctured or scraped pet wound is kept free from debris or bacteria in order to facilitate its healing process. When dirt enters an open wound it can delay its healing by trapping foreign substances underneath its surface instead of expelling them through natural means – thus prolonging recovery times considerably.
Vetericyn Plus Antimicrobial All Animal Wound and Skin Care can be used to quickly clean a dog’s wounds and speed their recovery time. You may also gently use unscented baby wipes on them; just be careful not to cause irritation!
Once the wound is clean and free from contaminants, it should be covered with a non-adhesive self-adhesive bandage which can easily be removed and refreshed if necessary. This will allow it to breathe while speeding healing by maintaining an environment free from contamination.
If your dog continues to bite or lick at its wound, try distracting them with treats or using an E-collar (commonly referred to as the cone of shame). Keep a close eye on any signs of infection including increased bleeding, changes in color of wound or any signs of swelling.
As soon as a wound reaches the maturation phase of healing, it should begin to close over naturally and you can remove the bandage to allow its own natural closure. If there are signs of infection or slow healing contact your veterinarian immediately.
4. Apply Ointments
When your dog is injured, acting quickly is of the utmost importance. By applying basic wound care measures and following the directions of a veterinarian you can help speed the healing process and help ensure a quick recovery with no infections or long-term wound issues.
Start by checking that nothing is stuck in the wound, then apply pressure with a clean towel. Most minor wounds will stop bleeding within minutes; larger ones may take a little longer. If bleeding persists, please contact your veterinarian or emergency animal hospital immediately.
Gently clean the wound with a non-stinging antiseptic solution such as chlorhexidine spray. This solution kills multiple types of bacteria that commonly cause infections in pets and cats; you could also opt for adding salt to warm water for a saline solution; however, refrain from using any products such as alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, herbal preparations, tea tree oil or any other cleanser on an open wound without first consulting a vet.
Once the wound is clean, cover it with a bandage to prevent further contamination and keep your pet from licking at it. Be sure to select a bandage free from corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone; alternatively you could try self-adhesive elastic bandages to secure it properly.
Step three is applying an antibacterial ointment. Triple antibiotic ointments containing bacitracin, neomycin and polymyxin B are commonly available at pharmacies; Neosporin may be effective; however it’s wiser to opt for products free of corticosteroid ingredients like hydrocortisone which could hinder healing processes.
Turmeric can also help with inflammation, as it’s both anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. If your pup has an abscess, turmeric ointment will help break up pus to drain out from under the wound faster. Also try applying natural anti-inflammatory/antibacterial remedies like neem or aloe vera oil directly onto their wound for added pain relief and antibiotic benefits.